(Body Natures According to Ayurveda)
Definition: Prakriti is an inherent nature of an individual determined at the
time of your birth, which can not be changed during your lifetime. Ayurveda
broadly classifies human nature in two types – Mental and Physical Nature.
There are 7 types of Sharirika Prakriti:
- Vata Prakriti
- Pitta Prakriti
- Kapha Prakriti
- Vata Pitta Prakriti
- Pitta Kapha Prakriti
- Kapha Vata Prakriti
Each Prakriti has different characteristic features.
The concept of Prakriti makes Ayurveda unique from other medical systems.
Selection of treatment, medicine is different for each individual depending
upon their Prakriti.
Ayurveda also suggest about food which is conductive, foods which need to
be avoided according to Prakriti.
Assessment of Prakriti analysis will not only help in understanding the
physical and mental constitution of patient, but also plays a vital role in
prognosis, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of many diseases.
|Body Weight||Low||Moderate||Over Weight|
Tendency for Acnes & Freckles
Cool, Clear Complexion
Prone to Break
Big, Gums Emaciated , Cavities
in Size, Yellowish, Soft Gums
|Sharp, Shiny||Big, Attractive,
Thick Eye Lashes
|Soft, Pink||Thick, Strong,
|Soft, Loose||Thick, Oily|
|Physical Activities||Very Active||Moderate||Lethargic|
for Seasonal Weather
|Cold Intolerant||Heat Intolerant||Tolerant
to Both Heat and Cold
Communication with Analytical Abilities
Vocal; with Good Communication Skill
Grasping but Poor Retention
Grasping and Retention
Grasping but Good Retention
Feeble, Moves like a Snake
Jumping like a
like a Swan
Food According to Different Prakriti:-
A) Vata Prakriti:
The food which are beneficial to Vata Prakriti are those that are sweet and hot in properties. Since Vata Prakriti people have variable digestive capacity, it is recommended to them to follow an appropriate dietary routine. Food should be consumed in small quantities. Ginger and garlic shall be used to maintain proper digestive abilities.
Cereals such as wheat, sesame.
Pulses such as black gram, green gram.
Milk products such as curd, ghee, butter, cheese.
Oils such as sesame oil, castor oil, cod liver oil.
Vegetable such as white gourd, drumstick, onion, asparagus, radish.
Fruits such as mango, coconut, grapes, dates, pineapple, almonds, figs.
Food which are not beneficial to Vata which are dry, cold and astringent in properties.
Cereals such as barely, horse gram.
Pulses such as sprouted pulses, peas, masur, chana.
Vegetables such as dry leafy vegetables, potato, bitter gourd.
Fruit such as jamun, cucumber, watermelon.
Spices such as chillies, pepper.
Honey and sugarcane juice are not beneficial.
B) Pitta Prakriti:
Food which are cold , dry, sweet and bitter are beneficial to Pitta Prakriti. Cereals such as wheat, barley.
Pulses masur, greengram, channa.
Ghee, butter, fresh buttermilk.
Vegetables such as snake gourd, white gourd, carrot, beetroot.
Fruits such as dried grapes, apple, pomegranate, ripe bananas.
Spices such as coriander, rock salt.
Meat of deer or goat.
Food which are hot, pungent and sharp (teekshna) in properties are not beneficial to Pitta Prakriti.
Pulses such as blackgram, horsegram, sprouted pulses.
Sour curds and butter milk.
Beef, mutton, sea fish.
Vegetables such as bringal, drumstick, green leafy vegetables.
Fruits such as oranges, lime, tamrind, unripe mango.
Spices such as garlic, pepper, chillies, asafoetida.
C) Kapha Prakriti:
Food which are light, hot, dry, pungent in properties are beneficial to Kapha Prakriti.
Cereals such barley.
Pulses such as masur, horse gram, green gram.
Oil such as mustard oil, sesame oil.
Vegetables such as bitter gourd, drumstick, snake gourd, onions.
Fruits such as pomegranates, lemon.
Spices such as dry ginger, black cumin seeds, garlic, pepper.
Meat of deer.
Old wine and substances such as honey.
Food which are sweet, cold, heavy in property are not beneficial to Kapha Prakriti.
Cereals such as fresh rice.
Pulses such as black gram.
Buffalo’s milk, curd, ghee, butter.
Oils from animal fat.
Vegetables such as sweet potato, cabbage.
Fruits such as banana, guava, grapes, coconut, jack fruit.
Mutton, egg, fresh water fish.
Sugarcane juice, jaggery.
Freshly prepared beverages.
Spices such as coriander.